Impurities in water, hardness of water : Types, Units and Numericals. Determination of hardness (by EDTA method using molarity concept) and alkalinity, numericals. Ill effects of hard water in boiler - priming and foaming, boiler corrosion, caustic embrittlement, scale and sludge. Water treatment: i) Zeolite method and numericals ii) Demineralization method. Purification of water: Reverse osmosis and Electrodialysis. (Chapter-1)
Unit II Instrumental Methods of Analysis
Introduction : Types of reference electrode (calomel electrode), indicator electrode (glass electrode), ion selective electrode: ion selective membranes such as solid membrane, enzyme based membrane and gas sensing membrane.
[A] Conductometry: Introduction, conductivity cell, conductometric titrations of acid versus base with titration curve.
[B] pH metry: Introduction, standardization of pH meter, pH metric titration of strong acid versus strong base with titration curve. (Chapter-2)
Unit III Engineering Materials
A] Speciality polymers: Introduction, preparation, properties and applications of the following polymers:
[B] Nanomaterials: Introduction, classification of nanomaterials based on dimensions (zero dimensional, one-dimensional, two-dimensional and three-dimensional), structure, properties and applications of graphene and carbon nanotubes, quantum dots (semiconductor nanoparticles). (Chapter-3)
Unit IV Fuels
Introduction (definition, classification of fuel based on chemical reactions and characteristics of an ideal fuel),
Calorific value (CV) : Higher calorific value (HCV) and Lower calorific value (LCV), Determination of Calorific value: Principle, construction and working of Bomb calorimeter and Boy’s gas calorimeter and numericals,
Solid fuel : Coal: Analysis of Coal-Proximate and Ultimate analysis, numericals, Liquid fuel: Petroleum: Refining of petroleum /crude oil and composition, boiling range and uses of various fractions,
Gaseous fuel: Composition, properties and applications of CNG. Hydrogen gas as a future fuel Alternative fuels: Power alcohol and biodiesel. (Chapter-4)
Unit V Spectroscopic Techniques
[A] UV-Visible Spectroscopy :
Introduction, interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter, statement of